Al Jazeera published a video vignette focused on Saber, one of the players on the Afghanistan men’s national team from Kabul. It’s great to see outside coverage of the program and this kind of profile on one of the players. Congratulations, Saber!

The second half of my two week trip to Gaza began with one men’s tournament and ended with another, book-ending days packed start-to-finish with training clinics in Gaza City – these following a first week spent teaching in the southern city of Khan Younis. In the relatively few moments off the court during the second week, I had the chance to meet several fascinating people and have great conversations about the future development of wheelchair basketball in Gaza.

Following the final set of training sessions for the first two club teams – those from Khan Younis and Shijaya – we held a competition with three teams made up of players mixed between the two clubs. It was an opportunity for the male players – like their female cohorts a few days earlier – to put into practice the new concepts and skills they’d worked hard to learn over the course of their two days of intensive training. The competition featured far better play than I would have expected from such raw players – they showed that they had retained much of what they’d learned over such a short time, utilizing offensive and defensive strategies that had been completely new to them just a day or two earlier. The result of the players’ collective focus was two of three games being decided by two points or less, with one going to overtime. Following the conclusion of the afternoon’s games, the players were all smiles and laughter – even those who suffered close losses were elated to have been a part of a higher level of basketball than they had played before.

After the tournament, I was graciously invited by one of the players – Fadi – to join him and his family at their home for dinner. This was an extremely rare opportunity for me; I haven’t been able to visit players’ homes in Afghanistan since 2011 due to tight security regulations, and had only been to one other when I last visited Cambodia in January 2014. Fadi’s wife prepared the most amazing couscous and chicken I’ve ever had – my first taste of homemade Palestinian food – and we all sat, played cards, and chatted through the evening following the meal. The visit was fantastic, and I can’t thank Fadi, his wife, and his brother and brother-in-law enough for being so welcoming to me. Thanks also to his adorable one year-old daughter, who provided endless entertainment by trying to push and climb into my wheelchair throughout the night while we sat on floor cushions laughing.

Fadi and his adorable daughter

The second two club teams I had the opportunity to train – Al Jazera and Al Salam, both from Gaza City – were slightly less experienced than the first two teams, but every bit as enthusiastic about learning the game. Several of the players were playing wheelchair basketball for the first time, but had backgrounds in other adaptive sports, such as powerlifting or track & field. Their athletic histories allowed them to learn quickly, and I was happy to see so a great deal of potential throughout the group. There were also a few players who were very newly injured as a result of the most recent war between Israel and Palestine. It was amazing for me to see people playing with such vigor and joy, only learning later that they had just lost a limb or been otherwise disabled only seven months ago. It was a true testament to the resiliency of the people in Gaza; I will never cease to be awed by it.

Following one of the days of training, I was invited, along with my ICRC colleague, Greg, to meet with the Gaza Paralympic Committee. It was a very bright and motivated group, and one I feel confident will do well in shepherding Gazian wheelchair basketball forward now that it has established a firm base from which to grow. Between their commitment and the newly-formed link between the Gaza Paralympic Committee and that from the West Bank – headed by my friend and colleague, Ehsan – Palestinian wheelchair basketball should be ready to take big steps forward in the coming year.

My tentative plan is to return to Gaza in September. Before that, though, I will go to India in late April for a week, followed directly by a month in Afghanistan. It’s going to be a busy spring!

A little over a week ago, I arrived for two weeks of coaching in the Gaza Strip – my first time visiting the westernmost part of Palestine. My coaching schedule since arriving on February 12th has been absolutely non-stop, so this is my first chance to sit down and chronicle the experience thus far.

My only previous experience in Palestine was a brief clinic I conducted in late June 2014 in the West Bank city of Ramallah. One week after I returned home at the beginning of July, the most recent war between Israel and Palestine erupted. The intense fighting last summer was focused largely in Gaza, so I was very curious (and a bit nervous) to see how the area was affected, how its people were recovering, and what their attitude would be toward a visiting American. I found that, in spite of the widespread destruction across the region, the people have been wonderfully welcoming to me (the quote I’ve gotten from so many of the locals upon first meeting them is, “welcome to your second home!”) and seem committed to moving forward and persevering.

Two interactions upon arriving made me feel instantly at ease and comfortable in this new environment. First, I was met at the Tel Aviv airport by an old friend and ICRC colleague, Greg Halford, an Australian whom I’ve known since meeting him in Kabul, Afghanistan in 2013. Greg is an ICRC orthotist and prosthetist who was very supportive of the wheelchair basketball program in Afghanistan and who was there to witness two years of the players’ and teams’ growth. Greg had just left Afghanistan when I last traveled there in October and November last year, so it was exciting to learn that he is now one of the core people promoting development of a similar program here in Gaza. Amazingly (or perhaps not so much, given what a small world the ICRC always seems to be), I have three other colleagues whom I’ve met in Afghanistan over the past few years that are now based here. It’s been great to see some old familiar faces.

The other friend and colleague I had the chance to immediately get reacquainted with was Ehsan Idkaidek, the head of the West Bank Paralympic Committee and my host when I traveled to Ramallah last year. Ehsan is a certified international classifier for wheelchair basketball players who has a deep knowledge of key technical components of the game, so he agreed to come to Gaza a couple days before I arrived to help educate the new coaches and managers on classification as well as to give preliminary classification evaluations to many of the existing players. Ehsan is a real leader in advancing adaptive sports in the West Bank, and it was wonderful to get to see him again as well as see him connect with the Gaza contingent in beginning to consider a way to combine the efforts of the two parts of Palestine in the ongoing growth of Palestinian wheelchair basketball.

In the two days immediately after my arrival, I conducted workshops for coaches and referees to help prepare them to take the game and the local players forward once I finish my two weeks of teaching here. Both groups were fantastic and were half made up of members of the non-disabled basketball community – including a member of the Gaza national basketball team and several well-schooled able-bodied referees. It’s always exciting for me to see wheelchair basketball being supported and pushed forward by experienced, knowledgeable people from outside the player population, and to know that this will be the case from the beginning here in Gaza makes me feel very optimistic about the game’s potential for rapid growth.

During the ensuing week, I have conducted two-day training clinics for two of the four men’s club teams here as well as a clinic for a group of the first 22 women’s wheelchair basketball players in the country. The trainings have been held at a gymnasium run by the Palestinian Red Crescent Society in the southern city of Khan Younis, about a one hour drive from Gaza City, where I’m staying. Both the men and the women have been eager students, ready to learn every new skill and technique they can during my brief time here. For the men, some of whom have been playing for a few years, though without much proper training, this means reeducating themselves and breaking bad entrenched habits that they’ve developed learning on their own (much like their Afghan counterparts when I first started going there!). However, they have shown a real desire to improve and are willing to take constructive criticism and do their best to make changes.

With (from left) Hamed of team Khan Younis, Ehsan Idkaidek, and Jehad, my first interpreter in Gaza (photos courtesy of ICRC photographer, Mohammed)

Teaching fundamentals to the players from Team Shijaia

The group of women, conversely, had never played a sport in their lives and were starting at the most basic level possible; it was the first group with which I’ve worked where most of the players had never even pushed a wheelchair, much less touched a basketball, before. Their lack of experience and physical stamina notwithstanding, the women were all absolutely focused on learning how to play this game. After our three training sessions were complete, the female group engaged in a highly competitive series of games – the first time they’ve ever played in any type of competitive environment. The scoring may have been relatively low (although one player found her groove and ended up scoring all 12 of her team’s points during the two games they played, much to everyone’s delight), but the intensity was sky high. They barely know how to play yet, but these women all wanted to win! It was so much fun to be a part of their first-ever sports experience. In a powerful moment after I addressed the group following the final game, telling them how proud I was of them and how much effort they put into our time together, one of the players came forward and insisted to the president of the Gaza Paralympic Committee and all her compatriots, “We must have the opportunity to continue this. We must keep playing and learning!” The president’s response that he is 100% committed to seeing the growth of female wheelchair basketball in Gaza continue brought cheers of approval from all the players.

Training the group of women with the help of my amazing blind interpreter, Dalal (standing in center)


Yesterday, a storm blew in across the Mediterranean Sea and has soaked Gaza in rain – an uncommon amount for this area, from what I understand – battered it with high winds, and deposited a few brief-but-impressive hail storms. Roads are covered in water, the inside of the metal gym is cold enough that the players and I wore jackets during yesterday’s practice, and the roof has been leaking a bit. The crazy weather is supposed to continue through tomorrow night, but I’m hoping it won’t force us to miss any time together – we’re having way too much fun to let a winter storm get in our way.

My first coaching trip to India is a wrap. Before making this journey, knowing it would only be six days long with so many new athletes, coaches and places packed into such a short time (not to mention a 12 ½ hour time difference to deal with), I assumed the trip would be over before I was aware it had even begun. The reality couldn’t have been farther from the truth; I had such wonderful interactions with the groups of players, coaches, and administrators in each city – and they were all so eager and grateful to learn – that nearly every hour felt like a singular fulfilling experience unto itself.

After leaving Delhi, I flew to the western city of Pune, where a rehabilitation center for Indian army soldiers with spinal cord injuries has had a “team” of wheelchair basketball players for a couple years. Heading into the two-day training camp, I didn’t have any idea what to expect – the Pune court was the only one that, due to tight security protocols, hadn’t been visited by any of my colleagues who are working to set up a pan-Indian league. I was interested in seeing how advanced the Pune players would be, given that they are the only group in the country that’s been playing for more than six months at this point, and curious about the collective personality of a group of paraplegic ex-soldier basketball players.

As has been the case with every new team with which I’ve worked in every country to which I’ve traveled over the last five years, the Pune group was absolutely delightful personally and pretty rough from a technical basketball perspective. While I assumed the main vestige of their military service would be gruff, formal personalities, the only real difference from other groups I’ve trained was their ability to focus and learn new, foreign concepts and drills extremely quickly. With only two days to train 22 players (and no other foreign coaches with whom to divide teaching responsibilities), I knew I’d have to move quickly in order to give them any level of improved knowledge and facility. Luckily for me, they were probably the most astute first-time students I’ve seen yet. From individual skills to team defensive and offensive concepts, they followed directions precisely and showed a ton of progress over the short clinic.

The team was so gracious as well, thanking me profusely throughout the two days for making the journey to teach them. They even gave me with a model-sized metal tank (their colonel said when presenting it to me, “This is a token of our love and appreciation… It is a tank because we are army.”) – definitely the most adorably aggressive (aggressively adorable?) thank you gift I’ve ever received.


Thank you tank

A major advantage the Pune team will have moving forward is a fantastic core of coaches, led by two former national-level able-bodied basketball players, Sharad and Suwana. They are still learning the wheelchair-specific aspects of the game, but are fantastic motivators and highly knowledgeable about basketball in general. Having high-level players from outside the disabled community so involved will be a huge boon to promoting and developing the game in the future.


The Pune coaching staff along with Roberto Ciccone (right) of ICRC India

I was joined in Pune by the president of the new Wheelchair Basketball Federation of India, Madhavi Latha. Madhavi is an amazing person who has taken up the cause of building this game into both a country-wide league available to all disabled athletes and an international-level competitive program that will eventually represent India in competitions with other countries. She is a truly inspiring person who, having suffered as a child from severe polio and nearly losing her life to complications from the disease and a sedentary lifestyle, took up swimming in her late 30s to improve her condition without resorting to high-risk surgery. She has since become a national-level competitive swimmer and is now leading the wheelchair basketball charge by convening a huge group of stakeholders throughout the country to spread, fund, and grow the sport as quickly as possible throughout India. She is a truly impressive personality that, I have no doubt, will use her perseverance and ingenuity to lead Indian wheelchair basketball to great heights.


Madhavi Latha, President of the WBFI

10 days from now, the few existing teams from around India will gather in Chennai for the country’s first national championship tournament. While previous commitments meant I had to leave India before the tournament, I know it will be a fantastic experience for all involved. Best of luck to the players, their coaches, and everyone who has helped to make this first major step in Indian wheelchair basketball a reality!

I arrived in India three days ago on my first trip to the second most populous country in the world. The three days I’ve spent so far feel like they’ve been packed with several weeks’ worth of teaching wonderful new players, meeting and working with fantastic, dedicated people, and seeing all the potential of a highly successful national wheelchair basketball program in its relative infancy. I will only be in India for six days, but in that time I’ll work with players in three cities in three different states located in three different corners of the country – Delhi in the north, Pune in the southwest, and Chennai in the southeast.

I just finished my first clinic in the capital city of Delhi and things are off to a great start. I had the pleasure of coaching two groups of players, all brand new to the game – 18 men and women at the Indian Spinal Injuries Center, and eight boys and girls at the Amar Jyoti Research & Rehabilitation Centre – and they were all fantastic, enthusiastic students. Seeing the excitement of the young kids was particularly powerful; even though they’re barely strong enough to get a ball up to the basket at this point, they still attacked the game (and their opponents!) with gusto. One girl in particular, Reika, had a competitive fire unlike any I’ve seen in a kid that young (I believe she’s 10) playing sports for the first time. I can already see that she has the potential to be a top player for her country and can tell from her intensity that she’ll work as hard as she needs to in order to make that happen!

Teaching the kids at the Amar Jyoti Research Center, including future star, Reika (sitting to my right)

This has also been my first coaching trip on which I’ve had the opportunity to work with other international coaches – Mark Walker from Australia, Aram Voerman from the Netherlands, Mike Rosenkrantz from the U.S. (via Nepal) all joined me for the two days of training in Delhi – and with Manoj Soma, the president of Choice International (a UK-based nonprofit focused on sport development) and the organizer of all the wheelchair basketball activities happening at a series of different events over the next two weeks. Working with all these highly-dedicated, talented people was a ton of fun and allowed the new players to move more much quickly than they would have with a single coach trying to teach all of them.

On the second day of the Delhi clinics, we concluded the training with two highly entertaining scrimmage games. The first had with the kids break up into two teams and join Mark, Aram, Manoj and me for a game in front of all the adult players and volunteers from the Spinal Injury Center. I very rarely get the chance play with any of my students when I’m working as a coach, and I’m so glad I had the opportunity to do so with those kids. They were SO excited to be playing on the court with us and loved performing in front of the crowd of spectators. I didn’t stop smiling the entire game.

The second game was between two teams made up of the best players from the adult training sessions, and was attended by members of the media, representatives from the ICRC (which has helped to fund and organize these events), and others. Mark and I each coached one of the teams, and the energy was fantastic.


Competition! (photo courtesy of ICRC)

Post-training photo opp with a few of the Delhi players and volunteers

We followed the training sessions by holding a symposium-style meeting with a couple dozen stakeholders from organizations all over India, including the Indian Paralympic Committee, the Wheelchair Basketball Federation of India, and the ICRC, along with many other organizations and individuals dedicated to expanding adaptive sports here. I was very encouraged by the seriousness and pragmatism with which the meeting participants approached developing wheelchair basketball in India, and can envision the sport expanding rapidly given the commitment of the people involved.


Speaking to the gathered symposium attendees about the potential of wheelchair basketball in India

Today I fly to Pune to conduct another two-day training session, this one for disabled members of the Indian military, and look forward to meeting and working with another group of new students!

The epic four-day Afghanistan Men’s National Wheelchair Basketball Tournament for Fall 2014 just concluded. While all the tournaments we’ve held here since the first one in 2012 have been unbelievable, inspiring, memorable experiences, this one may have topped them all. Between a massive across-the-board improvement in the level of play since the spring tournament just six months ago, rapidly increasing parity among the teams, and a some unbelievable underdog storylines playing out as if scripted in a movie, the drama of this tournament will be hard to top. I’ll set the stage with a brief background on each of the six teams to give some context to the incredible way the tournament unfolded.

The first wheelchair basketball tournament in Afghanistan was a 3-on-3 competition in 2012 that featured eight teams from four provinces – one from Maimana, one from Herat, two from Mazar, and four from Kabul. The Kabul teams, which were the newest at the time, combined to go winless during the tournament. The following year, in our first 5-on-5 tournament, they improved enough to take second place to Mazar. In May 2014 they completed their evolution by winning their first national championship in front of a raucous home crowd. Six players from that Kabul team went on to play for the men’s national team that played its first international competition in Italy in June. The experiences they had there had a profound impact on Kabul’s level of play, as the players who went to Italy brought back many new techniques and strategies to their team which, coming off its championship run in the spring, looked even more unstoppable on the first day of this tournament, winning its first three games in convincing fashion.

The team from Kandahar is physically the biggest (seriously, these guys are huge) in Afghanistan, but also the least polished. They have finished fifth out of six teams in each of the two tournaments since the team was formed two years ago, getting by primarily on strength, confidence, and sheer size. This year they made a definite leap forward in their grasp of the intellectual side of basketball, improving their teamwork and defense. They also have a new coach who grew up in Toronto and has a solid grasp of basketball fundamentals – that’s been a great influence for all of them, even though the coach is new to the wheelchair version of the game.

The Herat team was the third formed in Afghanistan and has always been solid, but has never won a championship or made it to the finals of a national tournament. Last year they took third place and, like Kabul, built on the experiences three of their players had in Italy to make major improvements since the spring of this year. Herat also has several young players that are starting to come into their own and have the team positioned to do great things in the coming years.

Mazar is in the most difficult position of all the teams. Four players managed to escape during our trip to Italy and defect to other European countries. Three of those players were from Mazar, leaving only one national team member to return to the country’s original wheelchair basketball team to commence with an unforeseen rebuilding process. That player, Basir, was a starter for the national team, but is a class 1.0, meaning he had to take over the primary scoring role for the team despite having the least physical function (speed, quickness, balance, etc.) due to his disability. He is a good leader and a natural on the court, but it was clear that Mazar had been set back a long way by the loss of three of its four best players. Luckily it too has a few young athletes with a lot of promise – they just need a bit more work to hone their games and become the on-court leaders the team needs to return to the form that won it a national championship in 2013.

The first team I coached in Afghanistan, the Maimana team won the country’s first national championship (the aforementioned 3-on-3 tournament) despite being from the smallest city, having the least funding, and pulling its players from a relatively tiny talent pool. The team’s top players all started playing together in their mid-to-late teens when I first came to Afghanistan in 2009. Despite developing into some of the country’s best athletes over the past few years, and featuring Afghanistan’s best player in its captain, Shahpoor, Maimana was unable to duplicate its early success. It finished fourth in 2013 and second in the Spring 2014 tournament. In a crushing blow to the team’s hopes of returning to the top of Afghan wheelchair basketball, Shahpoor was the fourth national team player to defect, leaving the team from the little northern town to pick up the pieces and try to carry on without its leader.

Since its first foray into wheelchair basketball in 2013, the team from Jalalabad has struggled mightily to keep up with the rest of the league. Coming into this tournament, Jalalabad had never won or tied a game against any of the other provincial teams, leading to them finishing last in both tournaments in which they’d previously competed. Along with Kandahar, they were the team with which I spent three days of focused time to help them step forward in their development in advance of the tournament. While our brief training camp was good, there were still major holes in the team’s game that I worried may prevent them from improving on their previous finishing positions. Despite this nagging doubt, I really hoped they would find a way to get their first win, as I knew it would mean the world to them to finally taste even a small degree of success.

The Tournament – Day 1
The first day of the tournament went generally as expected, with only minor surprises. Kabul, as previously mentioned, looked a step or two ahead of everyone in winning its first three games behind a coordinated team effort led by Belal, a young player who got his athletic start by becoming the first star disabled skateboarder at the famous Skateistan, and has now taken over as the primary scorer for the Kabul team.

Jalalabad played better than it had in the past, but still lost its first two games to Maimana and Herat. Mazar also lost its first two games and looked a bit lost without its departed star players.
Herat looked surprisingly strong behind the noticeable improvement of one of its oldest players – Sayed Habib, who was the driving force behind the team adopting the techniques and strategies he’d learned in Italy – and one of its youngest – Nazir, a tall single leg amputee who went from being promising at the tournament six months ago (only a few months after he’d started playing) to offensively dominant in the team’s first few games of this competition.

The big revelation from the first day, however, was the team from Maimana. They won their first three games easily, behind the kind of coordinated team effort that had eluded them when Shahpoor was on the team and serving as the focal point of both the offense and the defense. I hoped they would find a way to combine their respective skills to fill the hole left by his absence, but didn’t expect it to happen so soon or so convincingly. They looked like the second best team behind Kabul after day one, with Herat closely behind.

The Tournament – Day 2
If the first day of games contained a few pleasant surprises, the second was a complete shock to the system for one reason. Jalalabad not only won its first game ever – defeating Kandahar in a closely contested battle that saw one of the team’s youngest players, Wasim, emerge as a force that the entire team could rally behind – but tied its other two! Jalalabad’s second tie, and the last game of the day, was against the previously invincible-looking team from Kabul. In a single day, the Jalalabad team went from losing every game it had ever played to tying the previous two national champions (Mazar being the other) AND winning its first game in the same day.

Kabul stumbled in the second day, losing handily to Maimana – which would finish the first round undefeated – before tying Jalalabad. It was clear that, while the Kabul team was the deepest and most polished, it had a difficult time responding to momentum shifts in its opponents’ favor and tended to play its lineup choices very safe – leading to the same five players playing entire games despite having a wealth of talent on its bench.

The Tournament – Day 3
The third day of the tournament saw the teams play quarterfinal and semifinal games to determine the matchups for the 3rd place and championship showdowns the following morning. Maimana and Kabul, as the top two teams in the first round, received automatic byes to the semifinals, while Jalalabad/Kandahar and Herat/Mazar faced off for the right to challenge them.

Herat proved too much for the weakened Mazar team and won its quarterfinal easily, scoring over 50 points for the first time in any Afghanistan tournament game and setting up a semifinal matchup with Kabul. Jalalabad and Kandahar, on the other hand, was much more competitive. Kandahar had dominated this matchup in past years, but Jalalabad built on its victory the previous day and, behind several clutch plays at the end of the game, willed itself to another win. For the first time in its brief history, Jalalabad would go to the semifinals and play for a medal!

In the first semifinal game, Kabul and Herat played each other closely well into the second half, but Kabul managed to put together just enough plays to eke out a close victory and a trip to the championship game. In the second game – which everyone watching fully expected the to-that-point unstoppable Maimana team to win with relative ease – Jalalabad came out with unbelievable confidence and a vise-like defense to nearly steal the victory. However, after several phenomenal last-minute lead changes – including an amazing three point play (a scored basket during a foul, followed by a free throw) by Wasim with under 30 seconds to go – Maimana’s Sakhi knocked down a long range two point shot with just five seconds to play that sealed Maimana’s trip to a championship rematch with Kabul. Jalalabad would finish its remarkable tournament run by playing Herat for the third place trophy.

The Tournament – Day 4
The Jalalabad/Herat game to decide the third place finisher was the best-played, closest game we’ve ever had in Afghanistan. It was back-and-forth the entire way, with no team holding a lead of more than five points and constant momentum shifts. It was the kind of game I was honored to be officiating, but also wishing I could just watch and enjoy from the sidelines. Herat played as well as it had all tournament, but Jalalabad simply wouldn’t allow itself to be beaten. Wasim was again the fulcrum on which the team balanced, and made every key play the Jalalabad team needed to stay in the game until the end. Clutch play after clutch play on both sides ended with Sayed Habib coming off the bench to give Herat a one point lead on a long perimeter shot with 20 seconds to go, followed by Wasim fighting his way to the rim and scoring with just seconds to play, securing an unbelievable victory for Jalalabad. The scene that followed was pandemonium. Players from all the other teams rushed the court to congratulate the delirious Jalalabad team, while players, coaches, fans (including my longtime colleague and friend, Verbena from Italy, their number one supporter since the team’s first tournament), and even their American coach, shed tears all over the court. It was a moment none of us will never forget.

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Wasim of Jalalabad hits a pressure-packed shot to give his team the one point win over Herat (All Photos by Enrique of the ICRC)

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Jalalabad players (in black) celebrate their victory with the team from Kabul

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Jalalabad’s number one fan, Verbena, sheds tears of joy following their 3rd place finish

It was impossible to imagine that the championship game could live up to the drama and exultation of Jalalabad’s triumph, but I should know by now that if there is one thing I can count on with Afghan wheelchair basketball players, it’s that they will always find a way to shock me. With a huge crowd watching and multiple TV networks filming the action, Maimana shot out to an early lead, shutting down Kabul’s offense and scoring seemingly at will in the opening minutes. A small-but-extremely-vocal contingent of fans from their home province of Faryab banged drums and screamed non-stop in support of their team, drowning out the hundreds of spectators that had gathered to root for Kabul. However, the home team fought off the early onslaught and worked its way back behind stellar a stellar performance by Saber, another national team starter who shook off a slump from the previous two games to carry his team back into the game. The two teams fought wire-to-wire during the second half, with the offenses gathering momentum as the game went along and leading to a furious finish with each team scoring and the other countering as the final minutes ticked down. Maimana rode a series of clutch free throws, including the game-tying and winning shots by its youngest player – Haroon – to a shocking upset of the defending champions. This time, instead of tears, the court was covered with fans and players (including those from other teams!) joining in a circle to dance to the beat of the Faryab drum. The atmosphere was pure jubilation, and I found myself fighting through the crowd to hug each player in turn and congratulate them on what they’d just accomplished.

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Ramazan from Maimana, the tournament’s Most Valuable Player, drives through a crowd of Kabul defenders

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Maimana’s musical cheering section

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Sakhi prepares Haroon for the biggest free throws of his life

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Haroon hits the game winner

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Players and fans storm the court to rejoice in Maimana’s championship win

It’s hard to say which was more improbable – Jalalabad going from winless to 3rd place in a single tournament or Maimana overcoming the loss of its (and the country’s) best player to win a national title a mere six months after his departure – but those two things happening simultaneously made this the best, most exciting wheelchair basketball tournament in Afghanistan’s history… so far, anyway.

Following the women’s national tournament, I partnered with the Afghanistan Paralympic Committee to finalize the selection of the country’s first national women’s wheelchair basketball team, which I then spent the next few days coaching as part of their first training camp. We had named the initial 10 members of the team in May of this year, and chose the final two, plus three alternates, on October 31st. The naming of the team is a major landmark for women with disabilities in Afghanistan – it was something difficult to even imagine being a cultural possibility just two years ago – and was a thrill for all involved. However, as the person charged with selecting the team, it meant I had to make some very difficult choices.

The teams from each province – women’s and men’s – are represented by 10 players when we hold national championship tournaments in Kabul (there are far more players in most provinces, but only the top 10 make the teams that travel for tournaments). This means that, with womens’ teams in only three provinces, the national team is composed of half of the total tournament participants. On one hand, it’s great to be able to convey such an honor on a large percentage of the players. On the other, it means those not selected feel a very acute sense of disappointment upon hearing the names of the team members announced.

Both with the women and the men, I have a close personal tie to every player that competes in the national tournaments. I’m their teacher, their coach, their referee, and their friend. I’ve been working with many of them for years, since some were barely more than children, and in almost every case, introduced them to the first and only sport they’ve ever played. So when I select the national teams, the excitement of acknowledging the success of those make it is tempered a bit by sadness for those who just miss the cut.

Given how far these players have come in such a short time, it’s often easy to forget that they didn’t have the formative athletic experiences that inform our reactions to the regular ups and downs of sports. Not winning a game or not being selected for a team is hard for any competitor; I’ve experienced both many times in my life and it is always painful, even as an adult. But for players for whom wheelchair basketball has become their identity – the first thing for which many of them have ever received real positive recognition – it can feel much bigger than those of us who grew up learning how to win and lose from an early age can possibly understand. Most of the Kabul players were in tears following their loss to Mazar in the women’s championship game. One of the players who wasn’t selected for the national team came to me and, with her eyes downcast, asked why I thought she was a bad player. It’s hard to know what to say in these situations. I try to be as patient and compassionate as possible when dealing with their disappointment, but ultimately I understand that this is a painful-but-necessary part of the learning process for all of them… and for me.

All the above-mentioned evolutionary challenges aside, I had a wonderful time conducting the national team training camp for the women. They made amazing progress in just four practices, their attitudes were great, and I am so excited for the chance to see them travel abroad to experience international competition for the first time (hopefully sometime in 2015!).

Womens national team blog 1
Afghanistan’s first women’s national wheelchair basketball team

Womens national team blog 2
Running the national team through a speed and endurance workout

Following the women’s national team training camp, I’ve spent the last three days training the teams from Jalalabad and Kandahar (the two newest men’s teams in the country) in advance of the national tournament this week. It’s been a pleasure – and a laugh riot – to coach these guys, as always. I wish them both the best of luck!

Mohammad Shah from Kandahar
Following a grueling three hour training session, Mohammad Shah from Kandahar – one of the strongest (and sweetest!) guys I’ve ever met – decided to climb the ladder to the gymnasium balcony… while strapped into his basketball wheelchair… then hung by one arm for almost a minute to pose for photos. Wow.


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